New Forest Farm (110-acres), in the Driftless region of southwest Wisconsin, is a planned conversion of a conventional grain operation into a commercial-scale, perennial agricultural ecosystem using oak savanna, successional brushland and Eastern woodlands as the ecological models. Trees, shrubs, vines, canes, perennial plants and fungi are planted in association with one another to produce food (for humans and animals), fuel, medicine, and beauty. Hazelnuts, chestnuts, apples, and various fruits and nuts are the primary woody crops. Livestock are managed in an integrated manner with the tree crops, providing weed control and fertilizer for the woody crops and the woody crop provide shade and wind protection for the livestock. The farm is entirely solar and wind powered and farm equipment is powered with locally produced biofuels that are not taken from the human food chain.